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Correction: Impact of biochar and compost amendment on corn yield and greenhouse gas emissions under waterlogged conditions

The Original Article was published on 07 December 2023

Correction: Applied Biological Chemistry (2023) 66:87

Following publication of the original article [1], the authors would like to correct the errors occurred in Fig. 1, Table 1, Materials and Methods, and Results section.

Fig. 1
figure 1

Mean air temperature (a) and total precipitation (b) during corn’s season

The corrected sentences and the correct version of Fig. 1 and Table 1 are given below.

The original article [1] has been corrected.

Materials and methods

Monitoring of CO2 and N2O fluxes

The CO2 and N2O fluxes (mg m−2 h−1) were monitored through a static chamber with 0.07 m2 area and 0.02 m3 volume. The chamber was placed between corn plants to a soil depth of 20 cm. Gas sampling was performed between 9 and 10 a.m. every 7 days and samples were collected at 0, 20, and 40 min after chamber closure, using a 10 mL gas tight syringe. The measurements of CO2 and N2O were simultaneously analyzed on a gas chromatograph (8892 GC System, Agilent, USA) with a flame ionization detector (FID) and an electron capture detector (ECD), respectively. Fluxes of CO2 and N2O were calculated using the following equation [29]:


Growth characteristics of plant and corn

Tables 3 and 4 show distinct growth and yield characteristics of corn contingent upon treatment types measured after harvest, respectively. The CP treatment emerged as the most efficacious, consistently exhibiting superior corn growth metrics. Cn registered an average plant height of 184 cm, CP 176 cm, RB 142 cm, and WB 154 cm. CP treatment demonstrated enhanced stem and leaf weights, and corn productivity relative to other treatments. Corn productivity was highest at CP treatment (25.2 t 10 a−1), followed by Cn (22.4 t 10 a−1), and the RB (11.5 t 10 a−1) and WB treatments (13.6 t 10 a−1), respectively. CP treatment manifested a pronounced enhancement in corn biomass, exceeding biomass of Cn treatment by 12.6, RB treatment by 120, and WB treatment by 86%, respectively.

The total weight of corn increased in the order: CP (237 g) > Cn (191 g) > WB (107 g) > RB (79 g). Similarly, corn yield increased in the order: CP (157 g) > Cn (119 g) > WB (71 g) > RB (53 g). Notably, there was a negligible disparity between the RB and WB treatments in straw yield, grain yield, grain index and corn productivity but both were distinctively lower than CP treatment. CP treatment registered a peak grain yield at 120 g and corn productivity at 2.51 t 10 a−1.

Table 1 Soil properties of the experimental soil used in the study


  1. Cho H-N, Shin M, Lee I, Ryoo H, Acharya BS, Park J-H, Cheong YH, Cho J-S, Kang S-W (2023) Impact of biochar and compost amendment on corn yield and greenhouse gas emissions under waterlogged conditions. Appl Biol Chem 66:87.

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Correspondence to Se-Won Kang.

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Cho, HN., Shin, M., Lee, I. et al. Correction: Impact of biochar and compost amendment on corn yield and greenhouse gas emissions under waterlogged conditions. Appl Biol Chem 67, 14 (2024).

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